The Ramon Crater is the world’s largest erosion crater, also termed a ‘machtesh’, a natural wonder often included in tours through Israel. Measuring 40 km in length and 2 to 10 km in width, the crater takes an elongated heart-shaped form, and comprises Israel’s largest national park, the Ramon Nature Reserve. The visitor center is located on the edge of the crater in the city of Mitzpe Ramon, where it’s possible to view displays on the unique geography, geology and flora and fauna present here today, as well as on those dating back to pre-history. Spectacular views of the crater are on offer via floor to ceiling window as well as from the rooftop. There’s also the opportunity to watch a filmed guide describing how the crater came to be formed.
Via guided tours, visitors can explore the park where over 40 species of desert creatures from snakes to porcupines and turtles may be seen. A botanical-ecological garden showcases six unique desert habitats along with plants, rock formations and landscapes typical of the region.